The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Zhongshan Hospital was founded in June 1959 by doctors Zhou Yufen, Chen Junkang, Cai Hanrong, Xu Xinglin, midwife Ding Aizhen, and baby nurses Wang Liuying and Qi Yaxian, who were from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Shanghai Medical College. After 1980, the department has formed a medical, teaching, and research team including over 20 professors, associate professors, lecturers, attending doctors, residents and master students. In 1984, Sheng Danjing took office as the director of the department. In January 1994, doctor Cheng Linan started to serve as director of Obstetrics and Gynecology laboratory. In 1994, Cai Hanrong and Wang Meizhen began to work as deputy directors of the department and fully implemented breastfeeding and rooming-in care, for which the hospital won the title of Baby-Friendly Hospital of Shanghai. In 1996, Li Hong took office as director of the department and was succeeded by Yang Laichun in 1999. In June 2002, Yang Dan became the director, and in June 2005, Tu Ruiqin presided over the work of the department. Under Tu’s leadership, the department began to perform new operations including laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, abdominopelvic cavity lymph node excision by laparoscope, para-aortic lymphadenectomy, and so on. In the past six years, the department has conducted operations such as Da Vinci robotic hysterectomy and fibroid removal, and successfully performed Da Vinci robotic radical operation for endometrial carcinoma and carcinoma of the cervix, cytoreductive surgery for ovarian carcinoma and pelvic lymph node dissection.
In September 2014, Zhang Rongru assumed the role of director of the department. Based on general gynecology and obstetrics, he led the department to develop a full range of quality medical services characterized by the treatment of gynecologic oncology, and build up an integrated platform of science, education, and research. In 2015, the department set up the gynecologic oncology subspecialty and organized a research-oriented multidisciplinary team for gynecologic oncology, including experts in gynecologic oncology subspecialty, pathology, radiology, radiotherapy, general surgery and other related specialties, and gradually explored and improved a comprehensive individual precision diagnosis and treatment system from basic translational research to the integration with clinical research. The department’s academic leader Zang Rongyu is the executive committee member of GCIG, founder and leader of Shanghai Gynecologic Oncology Group (SGOG--China's only accredited member by GCIG. Website www.ShanghaiGOG.org). The gynecological oncology team led by him has done plenty of basic and clinical research, led a number of international and domestic multi-centered clinical studies and obtained a variety of original results. For the moment, the 5-year survival rate in patients with advanced ovarian cancer exceeds 50% after our comprehensive treatment and is higher than the international average. The department has become quite influential in the field of international clinical studies on ovarian cancer.
The department has 20 physicians, including a professor, a doctoral tutor, 6 chief and associate chief physicians, 13 attending physicians, a resident, and another 10 residents at the base. There are about 60 beds. Annual outpatient visits reach 70,000 and inpatients are over 2,000. The department has specialized disease outpatient service for gynecologic oncology, cervical lesions, hysteroscopy, gynecologic endocrinology, and ovarian cancer genetic counseling. It carries out all kinds and levels of obstetrics and gynecology surgeries, minimally invasive gynecologic surgery, and Da Vinci robotic surgery throughout the year. The amount of gynecologic surgeries is nearly 1,500 annually, including over 350 radical surgeries for gynecologic tumors, near 800 endoscopic surgeries of different levels, and near 20 Da Vinci robotic surgeries. The department performs more than 1,500 family planning operations every year. Meanwhile, it assumes part of the diagnosis and treatment work for high-risk pregnant women in Xuhui District. In the past 20 years, the department staff has published 89 articles in total, 8 of which are on international journals. The staff has also published three books (Yang Laichun--Practical Guide of Gynaecology and Obstetrics Medicine, Handbook of Clinical Oncology, Wang Meizhen and Tu Ruiqin--Handbook of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology) and translated the book Te Linde’s Operative Gynecology into Chinese.
Recently the department has successfully hosted Eastern Forum of Obstetrics and Gynecology, China-Korea Gynecologic Oncology Group Meeting, National Class on Multidisciplinary Treatment of Ovarian Cancer and the Development, and other major international academic conferences. The base of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department has contributed many excellent residents who have won Youth Natural Science Fund and the hospital’s scientific research funds. Trained residents are welcome by third level grade A hospitals in China. The department also teaches undergraduate theories on preclinical medicine and preventive medicine, and is also responsible for practice teaching for five-year clinical medicine program in Fudan University.
In the future, the department staff will devote themselves to the construction and development of the department with the greatest enthusiasm. Meanwhile, there will be more investment in scientific research and education so as to increase the department’s influence in the medical field.