Founded by professor Jiang Liben in 1988, it is one of the earliest departments of rehabilitation in China. With several generations’ efforts, it now becomes a modern rehabilitation department integrating medical care, education and research, featured by rehabilitation of nervous system and orthopedic diseases.
On March 1, 1993, Shanghai Institute of Rehabilitation with Integrated Western and Chinese Traditional Medicine was founded. On March 3, 1994, it was renamed as Shanghai Red Cross Institute of Rehabilitation, with professor Jiang Liben being the director of both the institute and the department. In 2001, professor Shi Fengying succeeded as the next director, witnessing the establishment of the Rehabilitation Laboratory, which is one of the first Chinese medicine scientific research laboratories (first class) in Shanghai. In August, 2004, deputy director Liu Bangzhong took charge of the department. In 2011, Shanghai Institute of Rehabilitation with Integrated Western and Chinese Traditional Medicine was restructured, giving birth to three branch rehabilitation centers after cooperating with the rehabilitation departments of Xuhui Central Hospital, Shanghai Hudong Hospital and Shanghai Donghai Older Caring Hospital. Thus the three-level rehabilitation system was improved. Professor Wang Xin (secretary of the Party Committee of Zhongshan Hospital, director of neurology department) was appointed director of the institute then, and professor Jiang Liben honorary director. In October, 2014, chief physician Zhang Jian took the position of department director.
There are 24 staff members in the department, including 10 rehabilitation physicians, and 14 therapists. Among them, 6 have associate senior professional title or above, and 5 with junior professional title. There is 1 doctoral supervisor and 1 master supervisor.
After 30 years of development, it now focuses on rehabilitation of nervous system diseases, orthopedic diseases and pain, featured by integrated western and Chinese traditional medicine, and modern rehabilitation treatments. There are four distinctive sub-specialties: orthopedic rehabilitation, neurological rehabilitation, internal diseases rehabilitation, and pain rehabilitation.
Orthopedic rehabilitation: It cooperates with the Department of Orthopedics to carry out preoperative rehabilitation, preoperative instruction and postoperative rehabilitation plan according to different diseases; it also offers bedside early rehabilitation services after surgeries on limbs and spine, gives rehabilitation guidance to outpatients and pays follow-up visits to patients at their homes after their discharge from hospital. Post-operative rehabilitations of hip and knee replacements, cervical and lumbar vertebra, fracture, and arthroscopy form its specialties.
Neurological rehabilitation: It cooperates with Neurology and Neurosurgery Departments to carry out early rehabilitation of cerebral apoplexy, craniocerebral injury, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy and other relevant diseases. It has rich clinical experience in the treatment of motor dysfunction, speech disorder, cognitive impairment, dysphagia and balance dysfunction.
Internal diseases rehabilitation: It takes advantage of cardiopulmonary diseases treatment in the hospital, and cooperates with relevant departments in different disciplines to carry out post-operative rehabilitation of coronary heart disease PCI, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, cardiac bypass, valvular heart disease, cardiac transplantation, aortic dissection, and pulmonary neoplasm.
Pain rehabilitation: It carries out comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for patients with chronic pains in neck, shoulder, waist and leg; in addition to routine medicine treatment, other methods like physical therapy, nerve blocking, local blocking and intra-articular injection are also used, forming an improved model of pain rehabilitation.
Teaching and Scientific Research Achievements
- Academic research
The medical staff in this department has completed over 20 projects funded by the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality, Shanghai Bureau of Health, Shanghai Disabled Persons’ Federation, CPC Shanghai Committee Veteran Cadres Bureau, Institute of Shanghai Medical University, CMB and the hospital.
They have written and compiled several monographs, including New Progress on Aging and Geriatrics and Rehabilitation Nursing (planned textbooks by the Ministry of Health) (as chief editor), General Rehabilitation of China, Shoulder Joint Surgery and Treatment and Rehabilitation of Polio Sequelae (as associate editor), and Rehabilitation Medicine (planned textbook by the Ministry of Health), New Rehabilitation Medicine, Practical Surgery, Shoulder Joint Surgery, Cervical Spine Injuries, Orthopedic Trauma and Microsurgery, Application Medicine, Modern Diabetes, Practical Internal Medicine, Colored Illustration of Osteoarthritis Surgery, Articulatio Coxae Surgery, and Illustration of Vascular Surgery( as co-editor).
- Teaching Tasks
There is 1 doctoral supervisor and 1 master supervisor in this department. They have tutored and cultivated about 20 Master students, with 3 Master candidates at present. The department is also responsible for theoretical education of junior and regular college students from Shanghai Medical College and School of Nursing of Fudan University, community rehabilitation training programs, and remote education programs. Meanwhile, it gives standardized clinical training to all resident doctors in the department, interns from Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences and Jining Medical University, etc. and refresher doctors.