As one of the first cardiac ultrasound diagnostic departments in China, the Cardiac Ultrasound Diagnostic Department of Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University was founded in 1984 by Prof. Jaing Leng.

This department is an important part of the National Key Discipline of Imaging Science, Shanghai Cardiovascular Clinical Medicine Center, Shanghai Sonography Quality Control Center, Institute of Ultrasound Medicine and Engineering of Fudan University. The department is also one of the major ultrasound diagnostic centers for cardiovascular disease.

Prof. Jiang Leng and Prof. Shen Xuedong successively served as the director of the department. Currently, Prof. Shu Xianhong and Associate Chief Physician Pan Cuizhen are respectively the director and associate director of the department.

The department has 19 medical staff in all with 12 PhDs and 3 with master’s degree. Five have senior professional titles, 2 junior titles and 4 primary titles.

Over the past 30 years, the department has taken a leading role domestically in medical treatment and research. Routine procedures include transthoractic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, stress echocardiography and cardiac ultrasound monitoring during cardiac operations and interventions. The ultrasound diagnostic accuracy is above 98%, as confirmed by surgery, which is at an advanced level by the international standards. In addition, over 98% surgical candidates avoided preoperative traumatic heart catheterization.

Over the years the department has received multiple awards including the National Women’s Excellence Award, Shanghai “March the 8th” Red Banner Organization, Shanghai Best Red Banner Post in Health System, Shanghai Women’s Excellence Award in Educational System, Fudan Women’s Excellence Award, Fudan “March the 8th” Red Banner Organization.

Clinical Features

The department is equipped with 15 sets of Philips EPIQ 7c, Philips IE 33, GE E9 multifunctional color cardiac ultrasonic diagnostic devices and 2 sets of bedside portable cardiac ultrasonic diagnosis device. Each year, the department carries out more than 11000 cardiac ultrasound procedures including routine cardiac ultrasound checkups, transesophageal echocardiography, emergency bedside echocardiograhphy examinations, and intraoperative ultrasonic monitoring. The caseload ranks the first in Shanghai and East China, and one of the first in the nation. The department also carries out ultrasound monitoring during new technical procedures including MitraClip, Transfemoral Aortic Valve Replacement, Transcutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation, and Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure.

Teaching and Research

The Cardiac Ultrasound Department is staffed with one PhD supervisor( Prof. Su Xianhong) and three master supervisors(Chief Physician Pan Cuizhen, and Chief Physician Cheng Leilei and Associate Chief Physician Dong Lili ). The department has graduated over 50 students with either doctoral or master’s degree. There are currently 8 PhD candidates and 10 master’s degree candidates.

Every year, we hold 1to 3 sessions of continuing education courses for over 20 visiting physicians. The department has trained over 400 visiting physicians. The department also holds Current Technology in Echocardiography Symposium once or twice every year.

The department staff have published over 200 journal articles and co-authored over 20 monographs. Each year, the department presents over 10 journal articles in Annual Meeting of Cardiology and Annual Meeting of Echocardiography in the United States and in Europe. The department has been awarded with 2 second prizes of Health Ministry Award for Progress in Science and Technology and 2 second prizes of Shanghai Award for Progress in Science and Technology respectively, 3 third prizes of Health Ministry Award for Progress in Science and Technology, 6 third prizes of Shanghai Science and Technology Progress Award and 1 first prize of Shanghai Medical Science Progress Award.

Influential projects in cardiovascular ultrasound diagnosis and treatment are as follows:

1985 began Color Doppler Flow Imaging (CDFI) (1983 abroad)

1987 developed research on continuous-wave Doppler evaluation of plumonary hypertension (abroad in 1985)

1988 began transesophageal echocardiography (abroad in 1984 )

1988 began ultrasound monitoring during cardiac operations (synchronous with abroad)£»

1991 began intravascular Ultrasound imaging (abroad in 1989)

1994 began ultrasonic ablation of atherosclerotic plaque (abroad in 1989)

1995 began geometrically correct dynamic 3D reconstruction Ultrasound Imaging (abroad in 1992)

1997 study of external ultrasound ablation of thrombus to treat acute myocardial infarction (AMI)

1999 study of intravenous contrast ultrasound (abroad in 1997)

2002 study of real-time 3D echocardiography (abroad in 2001)

2002 began bed-side portable color cardiac ultrasonic diagnosis ( synchronous with abroad)

2003 Study of ultrasound application in cardiac resynchronization therapy ( abroad in 2002)£»

2003 began imaging of strain and strain rate of myocardium (synchronous with abroad)£»

2004 began atrial fibrillation radiofrequency ablation therapy assisted with intracardiac ultrasound (abroad in 2003)

2005 study of real-time 3D evaluation of cardiac resynchronization with myocardial tissue reduction (synchronous with abroad)

2006 2D imaging of strain and strain rate of myocardium (synchronous with abroad)

2006 Application and study of velocity vector imaging (VVI) (synchronous with abroad)£»

2007 Study of speckle tracking imaging (STI) to evaluate myocardial torsion (abroad in 2005)

2007 began real-time 3D transesphageal echocariography (synchronous with abroad)£»

2008 began the evaluation of cardiac synchrony with ultrasound and other imaging methods (synchronous with abroad)

2009 Heart Function Evaluation by Vector Flow Mapping

2010 the first to carry out ultrasound monitoring of Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation(TAVI)

2011 real-time 3D ultrasound evaluation of right ventricular segment function

2012 Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Imaging (3D-STI)

2012 the first to carry out ultrasound- guided Mitraclip in China

2013 the first to carry out ultrasound monitoring during Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation£¨PPVI£©in China

2014 the first to carry out ultrasound monitoring during Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in China

2015 the first to carry out quantitative study of myocardial layer strain

All the studies mentioned above were carried out by this department either as the first or as one of the firsts in China.